I remember in 1982 there was a demonstration of one million people in Central Park against nuclear weapons. And I have a memory, which may be fabricated, of Alice Walker making a statement that if preserving the world from nuclear annihilation meant keeping the world safe for the domination of…
The invention of the “illegal immigrant.”
Citing the immigration scholar, Francesca Pizzutelli, Fabio Rojas explains that the phrase “illegal immigrant” wasn’t a part of the English language before the 1930s. More often, people used the phrase “irregular immigrant.” Instead of an evaluative term, it was a descriptive one referring to people who moved around and often crossed borders for work.
Rojas points out that the language began to change after anti-immigration laws were passed by Congress in the 1920s. The graph above also reveals a steep climb in both “illegal immigrant” and “illegal alien” beginning in the ’70s.
"The year 2007 saw the publication of the Schadeatlas archieven (Archives Damage Atlas) by Metamorfoze, the Netherlands National Programme for the Preservation of Archives of National Importance. This slim volume is intended as an aid for identifying and classifying damage to archive documents. It facilitates the recognition of different types of damage and the identification of the causes of damage and can also serve as a basis for drawing up a conservation plan. In the atlas, 22 types of damage have been listed in five categories, namely damage to the text block and/or binding, chemical damage, mechanical damage, damage caused by vermin and moisture damage. Photographs of the different types of damage have been included making it easier to identify them.
The Schadeatlas archieven has proved a successful product in the Netherlands. It has clearly fulfilled a need for a well-organised reference guide. There were also calls, at an international level, for a translation. This is why the Nationaal Archief and Metamorfoze set out to publish an English-language edition of the atlas that also pays attention to damage and infestations of a specifically ‘tropical’ nature, such as damage caused by termites. The translation has been coordinated with The National Archives at Kew and The British Library in London.”
You can download the Damage Atlas as a free PDF!
i have had night cheese tonight.
it’s an awful process
you got me.